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Monthly Archives: August 2016

Understanding the prostate cancer diagnosis

A doctor typically diagnoses prostate cancer after closely examining biopsy cells through a microscope. There are several types of cells in the prostate, and each contributes in its own way to the prostate’s development, architecture, and function.

But cancer cells look different than normal prostate cells. Pathologists look for these differences first to detect the presence of cancer and then to determine the cancer grade.

Gleason Grading

The Gleason grading system accounts for the five distinct patterns that prostate tumor cells tend to go through as they change from normal cells to tumor cells.

The cells are scored on a scale from 1 to 5:

  • “Low-grade” tumor cells (those closest to 1) tend to look very similar to normal cells.
  • “High-grade” tumor cells (closest to 5) have mutated so much that they often barely resemble the normal cells.

The Gleason Score

The pathologist looking at the biopsy sample assigns one Gleason grade to the most predominant pattern in your biopsy and a second Gleason grade to the second most predominant pattern. The two grades added together determine your Gleason score (between 2 and 10).

Generally speaking, cancers with lower Gleason scores (2 – 4) tend to be less aggressive, while cancers with higher Gleason scores (7 – 10) tend to be more aggressive.

It’s also important to know whether any Gleason 5 is present, even in just a small amount, and most pathologists will report this. Having any Gleason 5 in your biopsy or prostate puts you at a higher risk of recurrence.

Read the full story here …

High-intensity focused ultrasound or HIFU has many proven advantages over traditional treatment modalities for prostate disease. For more information about HIFU treatment or to make an appointment call: (707) 546-5553 or visit our website: www.californiahifu.com

By | August 23rd, 2016|News|0 Comments

Can prostate cancer be prevented?

National Cancer Institute offer these guidelines for the prevention of prostate cancer …

Cancer prevention is action taken to lower the chance of getting cancer. By preventing cancer, the number of new cases of cancer in a group or population is lowered. Hopefully, this will lower the number of deaths caused by cancer.

To prevent new cancers from starting, scientists look at risk factors and protective factors. Anything that increases your chance of developing cancer is called a cancer risk factor; anything that decreases your chance of developing cancer is called a cancer protective factor.

Some risk factors for cancer can be avoided, but many cannot. For example, both smoking and inheriting certain genes are risk factors for some types of cancer, but only smoking can be avoided. Regular exercise and a healthy diet may be protective factors for some types of cancer. Avoiding risk factors and increasing protective factors may lower your risk but it does not mean that you will not get cancer.

Different ways to prevent cancer are being studied, including:

  • Changing lifestyle or eating habits.
  • Avoiding things known to cause cancer.
  • Taking medicines to treat a precancerouscondition or to keep cancer from starting.

Get more information about prostate cancer from the National Cancer Institute here …

High-intensity focused ultrasound or HIFU has many proven advantages over traditional treatment modalities for prostate disease. For more information about HIFU treatment or to make an appointment call: (707) 546-5553.

By | August 16th, 2016|News|0 Comments

How early can prostate cancer be detected?

Screening is testing to find cancer in people before they have symptoms. For some types of cancer, screening can help find cancers at an early stage, when they are likely to be easier to treat. According to the American Cancer Society, prostate cancer can often be found before symptoms arise by testing the amount of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in a man’s blood. Another way to find prostate cancer is the digital rectal exam (DRE), in which the doctor puts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to feel the prostate gland.

If the results of either one of these tests are abnormal, further testing is often done to see if a man has cancer. If prostate cancer is found as a result of screening with the PSA test or DRE, it will probably be at an earlier, more treatable stage than if no screening were done.There is no question that screening can help find many prostate cancers early, but there are still questions about whether the benefits of screening outweigh the risks for most men. There are clearly both pros and cons to the prostate cancer screening tests in use today.At this time, the American Cancer Society (ACS) recommends that men thinking about getting screened for prostate cancer should make informed decisions based on available information, discussion with their doctor, and their own views on the possible benefits, risks, and limits of prostate cancer screening. To learn more about prostate cancer screening and the current American Cancer Society’s screening guidelines, see Prostate Cancer Prevention and Early Detection.

High-intensity focused ultrasound or HIFU has many proven advantages over traditional treatment modalities for prostate disease. For more information about HIFU treatment or to make an appointment call: (707) 546-5553.

By | August 9th, 2016|Dr. Michael Lazar, HIFU, News|0 Comments

California HIFU is the Right Choice for Prostate Cancer Treatment

For the past five years, Chris Lockheed’s PSA numbers had been going up. Then, last November, a biopsy revealed that he had two tumors on his prostate. Chris, 68, started doing research into what kind of options for treatment were available to him. When a radiation specialist in Rohnert Park told him about Dr. Michael Lazar and the HIFU procedure, he did more homework. He found that Dr. Lazar had done hundreds of these procedures in Puerto Vallarta, and the treatment was given FDA approval last October.

“Dr. Lazar explained everything, and he’s done over 300 of the procedures, that’s why I went to him. I felt very confident. I looked at all of the choices and said ‘this is for me’.” In March, Chris, who lives in Santa Rosa, drove down to the San Francisco Surgery Center for the three
hour outpatient procedure. Afterwards, feeling no side affects, Chris got some take-out food and drove home. Chris also mentioned he needed no
pain medication. The only side affect he had was the catheter, which was “a little irritating.”

Chris is a pet supplies representative, and his travels take him from Marin to Eureka. He is also a professional drummer who has recorded with Epic, CBS/Columbia, Capitol, Universal, and independent labels. “To be careful, I took a week off from work, but I was still active.” A week after the procedure, he went back to Dr. Lazar to have the catheter taken out.

“There was no leaking urine issues or erectile dysfunction, everything was fine. After getting the catheter out, everything was totally normal.” A
week after the procedure Chris was back at work, drumming on the weekend, and working in the yard. Chris is so satisfied with the results he has been recommending Dr. Lazar and the HIFU procedure to other men as an option to prostate surgery.

Lazar testimonial jpg

For more information about HIFU treatment or to make an appointment call: (707) 546-5553.